The Second Phase 2006-2011

During the 2nd phase, 12 women community leaders started taking leadership of JMS as co-conveners on a full-time basis, ushering in a leadership change. During this phase, with the prolonged drought in Raichur, there was massive outmigration to cities. Though with the short supply of labour, wages had gone up slightly, the net wage-days of work had drastically reduced. Big farmers had started employing machineries in the agricultural work which further displaced labour. However, during this phase, National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme was launched in 2005-06, and Raichur was one of the 100 districts that was short-listed for piloting the scheme. JMS fully got involved in mobilising communities for this. Subsequently, in 2007, NREGS was enacted as a law entitling each household to 100 days of work. With the massive inflow of money to each Gram Panchayats (GP), the corruption in GPs and elected members skyrocketed who saw it as an opportunity to siphon off funds. Simlarly, the landlords who exerted substantial clout in the local politics and business, with the machineries that they had bought with the surplus, such as tractors, JCB machines saw it as an opportunity, to get their share of pie from the government funds. JMS had to simultaneously fight the corrupt officials, elected representatives and landlords who employed machinery to pocket the NREGA works. During this phase, JMS undertook (1) land-development of 58 small farmers in 4 villages (Kharabdinni, Jagir Pannur, Pothnal and Dothrabandi) – in collabortion with Sir Dorabji Tata Trust; (2) massive mobilisation of 5000 households for setting a model in NREGA implementation – in collabortion with Sir Dorabji Tata Trust; (3) Mobilising 1000 agricultural labourers for skilling them with production of value-added products such as vermi-compost and xxxxx to promote organic agriculture. It enhanced their livelihood skills and capacities. This was done in collaboration with Traidcraft which advocated for fair trade.


NREGS mobilisation:

Capacity building of key leaders in the NREGS and its entitlements, filing applications for work, demanding allocation work and payments on scale, village to village campaign to mobilise people was done during 2005-2007. The protests were held in front of Gram Panchayats who had tasted the huge flow of funds for this scheme.

Reaching 5000 households:

During 2008-10, JMS was instrumental in reaching 5000 households to implement the 100 days of work under NREGA. Janekal village, under the leadership of NARASAMMA, JMS leader was the first village in Raichur district to reach 100 days of work implementation. Over-two years, 5000 households received 5 crore rupees as wages. During this phase, JMS also fought against panchayat leaders, corrupt contractors and landlords by filing petitions against employing of machinery in NREGA works. All these households got job-cards and village leaders were trained how to apply for work as their right.

Land Development:

As part of right to livelihood, in collaboration with Dorabji Tata Trusts, during 2006-08, JMS undertook land development of 58 marginal farmers in 4 villages. Totally 108 acre land was developed and organic manure (neem fertiliser and cow-dung manure) was supplied to these farmers. It enhanced agricultural yield and ensured food security in these four villages.

Organic Fertiliser Production:

In 10 villages, labourers through JMS sanghas were mobilised to produce vermi-compost. In addition, in five villages, the members through their groups were initiated into the venture of producing xxx manure at scale. Totally 1000 quintols of manure produced and was sold to farmers.